Nowadays, the world is shifting towards more fuel efficient and eco-friendly mode of transportation. Electric cars are one such vehicle that uses electricity instead of fuels as a source of power. An electric car is car as we all know are driven by one or more electric motor, using electrical energy stored in batteries or another energy storage device. Automakers across the world are busy inventing new and better models of electric cars and vehicles for the future. Japan, one of the largest automobile producers has already taken massive steps in this sector by launching the green car. And still the automobile sector of the country is working to improve and add more features.
Let’s learn about the past of electric cars, before going any further. Before the advances in internal combustion engine (ICE) technology and mass production of cheaper fuel cars, electric cars were popular in the late 19th century and early 20th century. All car manufacturers were competing with each other for market share by bringing advance models one after the others. These advances led to a decline in the use of electric cars. Energy crisis of the 1970s and 1980s brought a short-lived interest in electric cars, but those cars did not reach the mass marketing stage due to few important drawbacks like high cost of batteries, non availability of recharging infrastructure, potential overload of the electrical grid, risks associated with noise reduction, risks of battery fire.
Nowadays, more and more people are paying attention towards environmental problems and are looking forward to fight them. These cars are eco-friendly vehicles that use electricity as their source of power. As these vehicles run on re-chargeable batteries, they are no requirement of any fossil fuels which produce one of the biggest kinds of air pollutants, CO2. These vehicles have quieter engines and less chance of explosion after an accident.
Demands for electric cars are shooting up at a great pace. As of January 2014, the number of mass production of electric passenger cars and utility vans available in the market is limited to about 25 models, mainly in the United States, Japan, Western European countries and China. Japan is number one in the list of electric car sales in 2012 with a 28% market share of global sales, followed by the United States with a 26% share, China with 16%, France with 11%, and Norway with 7%.
Since 2008, a renaissance in electric car manufacturing has occurred due to advances in battery and power management technologies, concerns about increasing fuel prices, and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. People are being aware and are willing to pay higher to save environment.
All Japanese top brands are competing among themselves and bringing out new models with improved technologies. Market is booming with many electric car models to choose from. Amongst the hundreds of Electric car models in the market these days the most popular vehicles are Mitsubishi i MiEV, Nissan Leaf, BMW ActiveE, Toyota RAV4 EV and more. The world’s top selling highway-capable electric car ever is the Nissan Leaf, released in December 2010 and sold in 35 countries, with global sales of 100,000 units by mid January 2014, representing a 45% market share of worldwide pure electric cars sold since 2010.
Several national and local governments have established tax credits, subsidies and other incentives to promote the introduction and adoption in the mass market of new electric cars depending on battery size and their all-electric range. To attain the goal of reducing CO2 emission through increased vehicle efficiency, all automobile makers should come up with more and more electric vehicles. Hope people around the world join this green revolution in a big way to save the earth and reserve better environment for generations to come.